Any grant of access to LRs should ideally include not only the right to read the relevant content but also to allow transformative uses, dissemination and distribution of such resources and their derivatives, according to the needs and policies of LR owners and users. To limit the complexity of licensing, a range of recommended license setups are provided by META-SHARE in the form of templates for the members to choose from.
The META-SHARE model licensing scheme, with a firm orientation towards the creation of an openness culture and the relevant ecosystem for LRs, is organised on the following axes:
- Creative Commons licences (starting with Creative Commons Zero (CC-0) and all possible combinations along the CC differentiation of rights of use) are the first level of legal machinery applied.
- A second layer includes META-SHARE Commons Licences, a fully developed CC-based licensing tool that allows META-SHARE members and Extraneous Depositors to make their resources available to other network members only.
- The third legal layer is a set of licenses that allow use and exploitation of the Resources while permitting the LR Owner to have full control over the Resource distribution. These “No Redistribution” licences will effectively help get “closed” resources safely out to the community.
- A set of legal document templates (non licences) is offered that is designed to help all stakeholders (resource owners, distributors and end-users) work in a friendly and transparent environment. These include a Depositor's Agreement (DA), a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the Network members and a Service Level Agreement (SLA). The DA is currently available, while the MoU and the accompanying SLA are under revision.
The following issues should be taken into account while using the licences
- These ready-to-use licensing schemes are as quick and easy to apply as possible, in particular for new resources. Do not hesitate to refer to the META-SHARE IPR Helpdesk facility (firstname.lastname@example.org) for any assistance you may have in understanding, choosing and using any of these licence and other legal tools.
- The rights of use of the resource, any possible restrictions, as well as rights and restrictions on the original raw data are under the control and responsibility of the resource owners. The repository in which the resource resides acts mainly as a facilitator for the search-and-get procedure while providing guidelines and metadata curation activities.
- Metadata elements regarding rights of use, availability and distribution are among the mandatory elements of the minimal metadata schema and are harvested by the central META-SHARE servers so that users (essentially language resource consumers) can promptly understand what they are allowed to do with a specific resource. Please always refer to these metadata before using any of the resources on META-SHARE.
- According to the META-SHARE MoU, resources should ideally be open or shared at least for research purposes. The copyright conditions of the initial raw resource should be known, and in any case the Depositor should have all rights that allow for distribution through a network like META-SHARE. Likewise, processed and derivative resources (annotated web or other text, lexica extracted from parallel text, etc.) should ideally be open at least for academic/research purposes.
Based on these assumptions and guidelines, the following sets of licensing templates are proposed:
META-SHARE No Redistribution Set: covers all expected combinations of licencing attributes excluding the distribution of the original resource(s). Before using any of the META-SHARE Commons licences, please contact the Helpdesk for assistance. We will provide you with guidance as to which licence may be the most appropriate for you and how you could implement it.
- META-SHARE Commercial NoRedistribution NoDerivatives_For-a-fee
- META-SHARE Commercial NoRedistribution NoDerivatives
- META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution NoDerivatives_For-a-fee
- META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution NoDerivatives
- META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution_For-a-Fee
- META-SHARE NonCommercial NoRedistribution
META-SHARE Commons Set: covers all expected combinations of licencing attributes, including the distribution of the original resource(s), but only towards META-SHARE members
- META-SHARE COMMONS_BYNCND
- META-SHARE COMMONS_BYNCSA
- META-SHARE COMMONS_BYNC
- META-SHARE COMMONS_BYND
- META-SHARE COMMONS_BYSA
- META-SHARE COMMONS_BY
Creative Commons Set: the standard and well documented legal tool for sharing knowledge and creativity (links below point to the Creative Commons website).
- META-SHARE Depositor's Agreement: the legal document that precedes the deposition of LRs in META-SHARE
Forthcoming legal documents:
- META-SHARE Reseller Agreement: a special deposition agreement that allows only for commercial for-a-fee distribution of the original, should the LR provider(s) wish to do so.
- META-SHARE Memorandum of Understanding: the MoU contains the points of agreement among META-SHARE Members and is accompanied by the Service Level Agreement describing the functional, technical and legal specifications that META-SHARE network nodes should adhere to in order to provide a robust and reliable service.